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The most significant aspect of jain philosophy is its pronouncement that atma (soul, Self) itself is pramatma (supreme soul or being God). Undoubtedly, by its very nature each soul is parmatma, once it knows itself, discovers itself, completly absorbs in itself and fully contemplates upon itself, then it can certainly achieve the state of parmatma-The perfect soul.

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             Tirthankars
 
 
A Tirthankar is the founder of a "Tirth", a Jain community which acts as a "ford" across 
the "river of human misery". ATirthankar ("Fordmaker") (also Tirthankara or Jina) is a human 
who achieves enlightenment (perfect knowledge), through asceticism. He becomes 
a Jina (after totally conquering anger, pride, deceit, desire, etc.). 

The Tirthankars are also called Arihantas.  Arihanta means destroyer of enemies. 
Here the enemy means the enemies of the soul. These are internal enemies 
and are defined as the passion of anger ,ego, greed, and deceit ( Krodh, maan, 
maya, lobh) etc. A soul can only reach the state of Arihanta by overcoming all its inner enemies . 

A person When destroys all the four ghati karmas means they are totally
detached from all worldly aspects and then he becomes an Arihant and attains the 
perfect knowledge, vision, power, and bliss. He is omniscient of the past, present 
and future forms of all entities. They preach the religion principles, philosophy
of life and the path of liberation. At the end of human life after shedding the
remain four aghati karmas they attain complete liberation and become Arhihants also 

called Tirthankaras.


          Arihantas have two categories:
 

       Tirthankara

             kevali (ordinary)
 


Arihantas are those who have attained Tirthankar Nam Karma while the rest of them
are called Ordinary kevali Arihants. The ordinary kevalies after attaining
salvation, they are called Siddhas.
 

In the lifetime of every Tirthankar five Kalyanaks are celebrated. These are
Garbh Kalyanak, Janam Kalyanak, Tap Kalyana, Keval Gyaan Kalyanak
 and Nirvaan Kalyanak.
 
Garbh kalyanak is one of the five auspicious and welfare-producing events that occur 
in the lifetime of every Tirthankar.  Prior to the event When Tirthankar descent into the 
womb of queen mother, the queen mother dreams in the last hours of the night sixteen 
beautiful and auspicious dreams in a row prior to the conception.
The dreams fill her with wonder and joy.  In the morning mother queen tells her King husband, 
and tells him what she saw in the sixteen dreams. The King explains the Queen 
that those dreams seemed very auspicious.
These dreams and their indications are given as follows:
 

 
 
 

To summarize the indication of all these dreams indicate the conception of a world Savior and spiritual

victor- Tirathankara. He would be very strong, courageous, and filled with virtues. He would be

very religious and would become a great king or a spiritual leader. He would reform and restore the religious order and guide all the creatures of the universe to attain salvation and he would also be liberated.

 
Twenty-four Tirthankaras are born during this descending part of the time cycle 
(Avasarpini Kaal) of this region (Bharat Kshetra) which are listed below 
along with their symbol: -
 

Number

Name

Symbol

01

Rishab Nath ji

Bull

02

Ajit Nath ji       

Elephant

03

Sambhava Nath ji

 Horse

04

Abhinandan Nath ji 

Monkey

05

Sumiti Nath ji

Curlew-CHAKVA

06

Padam Prabhu ji

Lotus

07

Suparshva Nath ji

Swastik

08

Chandra Prabhu ji

Moon

09

Pushp Danta ji 

 Crocodile

10

Shital Nath ji 

Kalp Vraksh

11

Shreyansh Nathji

Rhino

12

Vashu Pujya ji 

Buffalo

13

Vimal Nath ji 

Bear

14

Anant Nath ji

SEHI

15

Dharm Nath ji

 Vajra-dand

16

Shanti Nath ji 

Deer

17

 Kunthu Nath ji

He goat

18

Arah Nath j

Fish

19

Malli Nath ji

Kumbh

20

Muni Suvarta

Tortoise

21

Nami Nath ji 

Blue Lotus

22

Nemi Nath ji

 Conch-shank

23

Parshva Nath ji 

Snake

24

Mahavir Ji         

 lion

 




Jains do not ask for any favor or material benefits from their Gods, 
 
the Tirthankars or even from monks and nuns. It is considered auspicious 
 
to remember the names of all the Tirthankars and worship them.
 
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