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   The contents about Karma are discussed in the form of questions and answers.from  the book "Philosophy of Karma" written by Jain Acharya Shree Viragsagar ji Maharaj and translated by Muniu Vinamara Sagar ji.

                                                      karma

 

   

 

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(part-1) 

Q.1   What is called the Karma?

 

Ans:-  (a) The collection of group of Karmana atoms is 
                called Karma.
          (b) That causes pain to soul is called the Karma.

Q.2   How many kinds of Karmas are there?

Ans:-  There are mainly three Karmas. These are as follows:-

          (a) Bhava karma (thought karma)
          (b) Dravya Karma (matter karma)
          (c) No karma (Indirect thought karma)

Q.3   What is called the thought karma?

Ans:-   The deformed thought of the creatures due to worldly      attachment and ill-will are called thought karmas.

Q.4   What is called the matter karma?

Ans:-   The group of matter which has obstructive knowledge  is called the matter karma.

Q.5   How many kinds of matter karmas are there?

Ans:-   Though there are countable-uncountable and infinite kinds of matter karma with regards to number but there are eight kinds of matter karmas in regard to class.

Q.6   What eight kinds of matter karmas are there?

Ans:-    there are eight kinds of matter karmas, these are as follows:-       (i) Knowledge obscuring (ii) conation obscuring (iii) Obstructive        (iv) Deluding . These four karmas come under the category of Ghati karma  

(v) Age karma  (vi) Body making  (vii) Family determining (viii) Feeling karma These four karmas come under the category of Aghati karma  

Q.7   How many kinds of thought karmas are there?

Ans:-   There are many kinds of thought karmas- worldly attachment, ill  will , deluding etc.

Q.8   What is called the No karma?

Ans:-Those, that are not the karmas but the helper in the karmas. As -body senses etc or and those which are not the karmas in the proper sense, are called no karmas.

Q.9   How many kinds of No karma are there?

Ans:- Three bodies, six developable ness, senses, mind, bed, food etc are the real examples of NO karmas.

Q.10   Which are the three bodies?

Ans:- Physical-Fluid and Assimilative.

Q.11   Write the definition of these three - Physical-Fluid and Assimilative?

Ans:- Physical bodies - The body of human and sub human is called physical body ( made of seven metals).                                                 Fluid body- The body of Devine and hell dwellers are called fluid body.    ( Micro transparent without seven metal).                                 Assimilative body-  The body is formed to feel the sense of micro matters or is formed with a wish to remove non restrain is called Assimilative body ( Aharak body)

Q.12   Write the name of six developable ness and define them.

Ans:- Food-Body-Sense-Breathing-Language and Mind.                        (a) Ahara:-   The taking of three bodies and six developable matters is called food developeness ( Ahara  paryapti).                                              (b) Body:-   The completeness of the four physical body etc is called body develop ness.                                                                                                 (c) Sense:-    The completeness of the proper senses available senses to the creature is called sense developable ness.                                           (d)  Breathing:-   Inhaling from outside and exhaling from inside to outside is breathing develop ness.                                                                (e) Language:-    The completeness of the atoms of the communicable language is called language develop ness.                                                (f) Mind:-   The completeness of the atoms of the mind is called mind develop ness.

Seven matters:- Blood-meat- stomach-Bone- marrow - seamon.

Un matters:- Air - vile - vine - nerve - skin - hungers.

(part-2)

Soul and Karma 

Q.1   What is the relation between soul and Karma?

Ans:-The cause-effect and close-union are the relationship between soul and Karma.

Q.2   To which soul karma is related in the form of cause-effect and close -union?

Ans:- The-cause effect and the close-union are the relationship of the mundane souls with karma.

Q.3   What is called the cause?

Ans:- That helps in performing any work is called the cause.

Q.4   Is which is not helper in the production of a work not called cause?

Ans:- yes, which is not helping the production of a work is not called the cause.

Q.5   Explain it by giving any example?

Ans:- Hearing the preaching of the God NamiNath, Balabhadra became detached and got salvation adopting self-dedication but the kinds the accompanied him did not get detachment. So the preaching became cause for the Balbhadra but not the others.

Q.6   Both Balbhadra and the other kings heard the preaching who had it not been for both of them?

Ans:- It was not the cause for both of them because it could not effect both of them, rather it became cause only for the one for which it could cause the effect. In this way other examples should also be under-stood. There are many causes for production of a work, not one only. These many did not contain piousness of thought, duration of time substantial cause is only one and causes are many. The work is done one required causes are joined together. That is way that work is considered as the result of all causes and is called effect.

Q.7   But why is it called cause?

Ans:- Saying is a different thing but to be a cause is a different but there are number of ways to say it formally.

Q.8   Why the relationship of causes and the effect between the soul and the karma?

Ans:- Sometimes the deformed worldly attachment and ill -will thoughts become the cause of making karmana group in the form of karma and sometimes results, of past karmas become the cause of producing worldly attachment and ill-will in the soul. Therefore, there is a relation of mutual cause and effect between the soul and Karma.

Q.9   How many causes of karma inflow are there?

Ans:- Though there are many causes of karma inflow but three causes are main of them- Body vibration-Speech vibration- Mind vibration.

Q.10   How many  kinds of karma inflow are there.

Ans:-There are mainly two kinds. as follows- (i). Matter inflow                  (ii).  Thought inflow

Q.11   What is called the thought inflow?

Ans:- The thought of mundane souls by which the atoms of the matters becoming karmas enter into the soul. The specific thought is called thought inflow.

Q.12What is called the matter inflow?

Ans:- That karmic groups, which are able to knowledge obscuring etc karma are called matter inflow.

Q.13   How many kinds of matter inflow are there?

Ans:- though there are uncountable universal kinds of matter inflow. Even then there are knowledge obscuring etc eight main kind of it:         (i) knowledge obscuring  (ii) conation obscuring (iii) feeling (iv) Deluding (v) Age (vi) Body-making  (vii) Family determining (viii) Obstructive.

Q.14   How many karmas are in flowed at a time?

Ans:- (1) There is only one inflow of infinite karma at a time.                  (2) The inflow of seven or eight karmas out of eight karmas is happening to a mundane soul at a time.

Q.15   Why have you said both eight or seven? why have you not said only eight or only seven?

Ans:- No, Because the inflow or bond of age karma does not happen at a time rather it happens in the one third part of the age in the single condition of existence only one. So at the time when the inflow or bond of the age happening, consider it as eight and in the remaining time consider it as seven.

                                                    Part 3.

                (Thought inflow)

Q.1   What is called the thought inflow?

Ans:- The thoughts of the soul by which the matter transforming into karma enter the soul are called the thought inflow.

Q.2   How many kinds of thought inflow are there?

Ans:- Though there are many kinds of thought inflow but five are main among them.

Q.3   How  are many kinds of thought inflow ?

Ans:- Uncountable kinds of thought inflow are universal.

Q.4   What are the main five kinds of thought inflow?

Ans:- There are main five kinds of thought inflow as follows-                 (1) Wrong belief (illusion)  (2) Vow less ness  (3) (Laziness) Care less ness (4) Passion                  (5) Vibration.

Q.5   What is called the  illusion ( wrong belief)?

Ans:- Wrong belief is called the illusion.

Q.6   How many kinds of wrong belief are there?

Ans:- There are main two kinds of wrong belief as follows:-                     (i) Greheet illusion                               (ii) Agreheet illusion

Q.7   What is called the greheet illusion?

Ans:- The non- belief in the religion or the existence of the soul by the preaching of others is called greheet illusion.

Q.8    What is called the Agreheet illusion?

Ans:- The non-belief in the religion and the existence of the soul by the souls without any preaching  is called the Agreheet illusion.

Q.9   How many kinds of  illusion are there from other point of view?

Ans:- There are main five kinds of illusion as follows:- i. One sided illusion   ii.  Perverse illusion   iii. Veneration illusion  iv.  Doubt illusion  v. Ignorance illusion.

Q.10    What is called the one sided illusion?

Ans:- Accepting only one part of the thing as the whole is one sided illusion. As the mundane soul is always pure (pious) .

Q.11    What is called the  Perverse illusion? 

Ans:-   Belief in the perverse view of thing is called perverse illusion. 

Q.12    What is called the veneration illusion?

Ans:- To accept the truth and falsehood equally to believe not to decide reality is called the veneration illusion.

Q.13   What is called the Doubt illusion?

Ans:- To become confused between what is true and untrue is called the doubt illusion. As-religion gives happiness or non religion.

Q.14   What is called the ignorance illusion?

Ans:- ( i ) To believe that ignorance is the cause of salvation and not knowledge is called the ignorance illusion.                                                 (ii)  Not to distinguish the reality between good and bad is called ignorance illusion.

Q.15   What is called the Vow-less-ness?

Ans:- Absence of vow or the five sins like violence etc is called vow less ness or the passion. Which destroy the vows is called vow-less-ness.

Q.16    How many kinds of vow less ness are there?

Ans:-There are main twelve kinds of vow-less-ness.

Q.16   How many kinds of Vow-less-ness are there?

Ans:-There are main twelve kinds of Vow-less-ness.

Q.17   What are the twelve kinds of Vow-less-ness?

Ans:- Not to be detached from the attraction of skin-tongue-nose-eyes-ears and mind are six kinds of vow-less-ness and earth-water-fire -air and vegetable bodied these five immobile and one mobile, not to be detached from the attraction of killing these souls. In this way total kinds of vow-less-ness are twelve.

Q.18   What is called the (laziness) (idleness) carelessness?

Ans:- The unqualified tendency to get salvation is called the   carelessness.

Q.19   How many main  kinds of carelessness are there? 

Ans:- There are fifteen main kinds of carelessness as follows:- Four passions, four bad stories, Attraction five senses, sleep and affection.

Q.20     What is called the bad stories?

Ans:- Telling stories that produce deformities against restraint or to discuss about it is called the bad stories.

Q.21   what are the four bad stories?

Ans:- These are as follows:- 1. story about woman  2. story about food  3.story about thief  4. story about nation.

Q.22   Explain four bad stories clearly? 

Ans:- 1. story about woman- telling attraction increasing stories about woman by which sexual feelings increases.                                                2. story about food - Telling  tales about food by which temptation for food be produced.                                                                                  3.story about thief - Telling the stories about theft by which (steal) thoughts of theft be produced.                                                                     4. story about nation--- Telling the stories about country, kingdom, kinds by which the feeling of ill will is produced.

Q.23   What is called the passion?

Ans:- That which fasten the soul deforms is called the passion.

Q.24   What is the meaning of kresha?

Ans:- Kresha means ploughing or the producer of many kinds of pain and pleasure and refines the field of activity or that produces the results called the passion.

Q.25    How many main  kinds of  passion are there?

Ans:- there are mainly four kinds of passion as follows:- Anger- pride- deceit and greed.

Q.26   What is the advantage of indulgence in five senses?

Ans:- The five sins are produced by violence etc and indulgence is increased towards matter. Delusion is accrued by them.

Q.27   How many purposes of five senses are there?

Ans:- There are twenty-seven purposes of five senses.

Q.28   What is called the sleep?

Ans:- The silent state of consciousness is called sleep or the produced idleness is  called the sleep.

Q.29   What is called the affection?

Ans;- Love, attachment, attraction, delusion etc are called the affection or the passionless-ness thought in other things or the thoughts produced by laughing etc non- passion are called affection.

Q.30   How many sub-main kinds of laziness are there?

Ans:- There are eighty sub main kinds of laziness. It is by multiplying four bad stories, four passions and five senses i.e. 4x4x5=80 kinds are there. Again by multiplying it by one sleep and one affection (80x1x1) the total number remains 80.

Part 4          Intermixing relationship 

Q.1 Why there is inter relationship between soul and karma?

Answer:- Because indivisible units of the soul are intermixed with the indivisible unit of karma  like water and milk. Therefore, their relation is intermixing, it is also called the bond.

Q.2   What are the main causes of bond?

Answer:- The main causes of bond are passion and vibration

Q.3   How many kinds of bond are there?

Ans:- There are two kinds of bond i) Thought bond ii) Matter bond.

Q.4   What is called the Thought bond? 

Ans:- The specific thoughts of the soul by which matter karma is bonded, are called thought bond.

Q.5   What is called the matter bond? 

Ans:- The intermixing relationship between material karma and invisible units of soul is called matter bond.

Q.6   How many kinds of  thought bond are there?

Ans:- There are 32,57 and uncountable universal kinds of thought bond.

Q.7    How many kinds of  matter bond are there?

Ans:- There are four kind of matter bond as follows:- 1. Nature bond     2. Pradesh bond  3. Duration bond   4.  Power bond.

Q.8   What is called the nature bond? 

Ans:- The tendency of karmas is called the nature or the tendency of karmas to destroy the particular virtue of the soul is called the nature.

Q.9   How many natures of karma are there?

Ans:- There are two kinds of nature of karma- main and sub-main.

Q.10   How many kinds of main and sub-main natures  are there?

Ans:- There are main eight  natures of karma as follows:-      1.Knowledge obscuring          2. Conation obscuring           3. Feeling       4. Delusion     5. Age         6. Body-making        7.Family determination  8. Obstructive.              And there are 148 sub-main natures of karma.

Q.11   What causes nature bond?

Ans:- Nature bonds is caused by vibration.

Q.12   What is called the pradesh bond?   

Ans:- The bond of infinite karmas as the result of particular vibration and in the intermixing form with indivisible units of karma is called the  pradesh bond.

Q.13 What is called the pradesh?

Ans:- The space occupied by the molecule in the sky is called the pradesh.

Q.14   How many space of soul are there?

Ans:- There are uncountable numbers of space in the soul.

Q.15  How many space of karma are there?

Ans:-There are infinite numbers of space in the karma.

Q.16   How and How many indivisible units of karmas are on the soul pradeshes?

Ans:- There are infinitely infinite indivisible units of karmas are on the soul pradeshes and there are infinite raw karmana vargana.

Q.17 What is called the natural accumulation?

Ans:- those karmana variforms which are ready (prepared) for change of karma is called the natural accumulation.

Q.18 What is called the karmana variform?

Ans:- The matter groups which are changeable karma is called the karmana variform.

Q.19 What is called the variform.

Ans:- The group of even category are called the variform.

Q.20 What is called the category?

Ans:- The atom having the same power and which can not be classified are called category.

Q.21   How many bonds of karmas occur at a time?

Ans:- There is a bond of infinite karmas at a time. It is also called the Samaya Prabhadha.

Q.22   What is called the Samaya Prabhadha.

Ans:- The number of karma pradeshes which are bonded at a time is called the Samaya Prabhadha.

Q.23   What is called the Pradesh bond?

Ans:- The number of karmas are called the Pradesh bond.

Q.24  What is called the Duration bond?

Ans:-The duration of karma bond is called the duration bond.

Q.25   By what the duration bond is caused?

Ans:- The duration bond is caused by passion.

Q.26    What is called the Anubhaga bond?

Ans:- The power of karmas which produces result is called the Anubhaga bond.

Q.27   Explain four bonds by giving any example?

Ans:- As- The counting of Jaggery ( Gur), sugar, mishree etc is pradesh. their duration is until they exist. Even when Jaggery , sugar and mishree are all sweet but sugar is sweeter than jaggery and mishree is sweeter than sugar. It is Anubhag.

                                                                  (End of part four)

Part five:- Extract from the remaining parts.

 Vibration:-

Q.1   What is called the vibration?

Ans:- That which causes vibration of soul pradesh is called the Vibration.

Q.2   What are the causes of the vibration in the soul pradesh?

Mind- speech and body are the causes of vibration of soul pradesh.

A. Obscuring knowledge:-

Q.1   What is called the knowledge of obscuring?

Ans:-The soul of the knowledge virtue which envelops the karma is called the knowledge of obscuring karma.

Q.2   Explain the  knowledge of obscuring karma by giving any example?

Ans:- The  knowledge of obscuring karma prevents the knowledge of any diserving thing as veil prevents the knowledge of any deserving material.

Q.3   How many kinds of knowledge obscuring karma are there?

Ans:-There are five main kinds of  knowledge of obscuring karma as follows:-

  • Sensitive knowledge of obscuring.

  • Scriptural knowledge of obscuring.

  • Visual knowledge of obscuring.

  • Mental knowledge of obscuring.

  • Perfect knowledge of obscuring.

B. Conation obscuring karma:-

Q.1    What is called the Conation obscuring karma?

Ans:- The karma which envelops the conation virtue of the soul is called the conation obscuring karma.

Q.2   Explain the  knowledge of  conation obscuring karma by giving any example?

Ans:- As the gate keeper prevents one to follow the king in the same way the karmas that prevent the the conation of the whole existence are called conation obscuring karma.

Q.3   How many kinds of  conation obscuring karma are there and name them?

Ans:- There are nine kinds of conation obscuring karma as follows:-

  • Ocular-obscuring

  • Non-Ocular-obscuring

  • Visual obscuring

  • Perfect conation obscuring

  • Sleep

  • Deep Sleep

  • Drowsiness

  • Heavy drowsiness

  • Somnambulism

C. Feeling Karma:-

Q.1    What is called the feeling karma?

Ans:- 1. The karma that causes the feeling of pain-pleasure is called feeling karma.

2. The karma that destroys the Avyabahatva virtue of soul is called the feeling karma.

Q.2   Explain the   feeling karma by giving any example?

Ans:- The sword stuck with the person who licks the honey stuck sword feels not only the taste of honey but also feels the pain of cut in tongue.

Q.3   How many kinds of feeling karma are there and name them?

Ans:-There are two kinds of feeling karma as follows:-

  • Good feeling:- The karma that causes physical and mental pleasure in the mundane souls is called the good feeling karma.

  • Bad feeling:- The karma that causes physical and mental pain  in the mundane souls is called the good feeling karma.

D. Deluding Karma:-

Q.1    What is called the deluding karma?

Ans The karma that affects the soul in other things or to make forgetful of own-self is called the deluding karma.

Q.2   Explain the  deluding  karma by giving any example?

Ans:- As the wine makes a drunkard senseless, in the same way deluding karma is.

Q.3   How many kinds of deluding  karma are there and name them?

Ans:-There are two kinds of deluding  karma as follows:-

  • Real belief deluding --The karma that destroys the faith of the soul is called the real belief deluding karma.

  • Real conduct feeling--The karma that destroys the virtue of the real conduct of the soul is called the real conduct  deluding karma.

Q.4   How many kinds of the real belief deluding karma are there?

Ans:- There are three kinds of the real belief deluding karma as follows:-

  • Wrong belief:-i) Not to have faith on the elements is called the wrong belief.       ii) The karma that causes faithlessness in god- Scriptures and matters is called the wrong belief. 

  • (mixed)  Real and wrong belief.

  • Real belief with slight defect.

Q.5   How many kinds of the real conduct deluding karma are there?

Ans:- There are two main kinds of real conduct deluding karma as follows:-

  • passion feeling-- That which ploughs the field producing pain and pleasure in the form of grain is called the passion.

  • No passion feeling.

Q.6   What is called the passion feeling karma?

Ans:- The karma by which the soul feel passion is called the  passion feeling karma.

Q.7   How many kinds of the  passion feeling karma are there?

Ans:- There are sixteen type of passion feeling karma as follows:-

Error feeling                 i. Anger    ii. Pride      iii. Deceit            iv.  greed

Partial vow preventing i. Anger    ii. Pride      iii. Deceit            iv.  greed

Total vow preventing   i. Anger    ii. Pride      iii. Deceit            iv.  greed

Perfect real conduct preventing:-

                                       i. Anger    ii. Pride      iii. Deceit            iv.  greed

Q.8   Explain kinds of the passion feeling clearly.

Ans:-     i. Anger    ii. Pride      iii. Deceit            iv.  greed

i. Error feeding:-- a) The anger-pride-deceit and greed destroys real belief and conduct and which are infinite world in itself. That is error feeding. b) The passion that gets conducted (agreement) with the infinite bodies is error feeding.

ii. Partial vow preventing-- Anuvrata means partial vow preventing, the obscuring karma of it is partial vow preventing karma. 

iii. Full vow preventing-- Mahavarta means total vow preventing, the obscuring karma of it is total vow preventing.

iv. Samjvalana-- The passion that which attaches with real conduct is perfect real conduct preventing.

Q.9   Explain the nine passions i.e. Laughing etc.

Ans:-Nine passions i.e. Laughing etc are as follows:-

  • Laughing producing

  • Indulgence

  • Non-indulgence

  • Sorrow

  • Fear

  • Disgust

  • Feminine inclination

  • Masculine inclination

  • Common inclination.

E. The Age Karma:-

Q.1    What is called the age  karma?

Ans:- The karma which prevents the soul to remain in a particular condition for a definite period is called the age karma.

Q.2   Explain the  age karma by giving any example?

Ans:- As the chain prevents a soul to wander freely for definite duration, in the same way age karma prevents

Q.3   How many kinds of age karma are there?

Ans:-  There are four kinds of age karma as follows:-

  • Hell age-- The karma that prevents the soul in the hell conditions for a definite duration is called hell age karma.

  • Sub-human age--The karma that prevents the soul in the sub- human  conditions for a definite duration is called the sub human age karma.

  • Human age--The karma that prevents the soul in the human  conditions for a definite duration is called human age karma.

  • Divine age--The karma that prevents the soul in the divine  conditions for a definite duration is called divine age karma.

F.  Body making Karma :-

Q.1    What is called the body making  karma?

Ans:- The karma that produces many form of the soul or the karma which makes many form of the soul is called the body-making karma.

Q.2   Explain the  body making  karma by giving any example?

Ans:- As the artist paints various colored pictures of different sizes, in the same way there is the body making karma.

Q.3   How many kinds of body making karma are there?

Ans:- There are forty two main kinds and ninety three sub-main kinds of body making karma. ( Refer  book for details).

G. Family determination karma :-

Q.1    What is called the family determination  karma?

Ans:- The karma which is the cause of being treated high and low class is called the family determination.

Q.2   Explain the  family determination  karma by giving any example?

Ans:- As a potter makes small and big pots in the same way the karma produces low and high family. That is called the family determination.

Q.3   How many kinds of  family determination karma are there?

Ans:- There are two main kinds of  family determination karma as follows:-

  • High family determination-- To take birth in respectable family is called the high family determination karma.

  • Low  family determination--To take birth in the low family is called the low family determination karma.

H. Obstructive Karma :-

Q.1    What is called the obstructive  karma?

Ans:- The karma that obstructs the donation etc is called the obstructive  karma.

Q.2   Explain the  family  obstructive  karma by giving any example?

Ans:- As a cashier prevents the king to give donation in the same way these are the obstructive karmas.

Q.3   How many kinds of obstructive  karma are there?

Ans:- There are five main kinds of obstructive karma as follows:-

  • Obstruction in donation.

  • Obstruction in benefit

  • Obstruction in use.

  • Obstruction in re-use.

  • Obstruction in power.

 

The Teerthankar  Name Karma.

Q.1What is called the teerthankar?

Ans:- The one who leads of religion teertha is called the Teerthasnkar.

Q.2What is callewd the teerthankar name karma?

Ans:- The karma that creates unique effect, unimaginable glory and the winner of the three worlds, the status of Arihanta is called the teerthankar name karma.

Q.3 Howmany reasons of inflows of teerthankar name karma are there?

Ans:- There is the feeling of sixteen reasons for the inflows of the teerthankar name karma as follows:-

  • Darshan Vishudhi

  • Vinaya Sampannaata

  • Sheel Vrateshvanatchar

  • Abhikshna jnanopayoga

  • Samvega

  • Shaktitastyaga

  • Shaktitastapa

  • Sadhu samadhi

  • Vaiyyavretti

  • Arhat bhakti

  • Acharyaq bhakti

  • Bahushruta bhakti

  • Pravachana bhakti

  • Avashyaka parihani

  • Marga Prabhavana

  • Pravachana vatsalatva.

Q.4   What is called the feeling (sprit)

Ans:- That which is always thought is called the feeling.

Q.5   What is called the purity of real belief?

Ans :- To have faith or interest on the path of salvation told by God Arihanta is purity of real belief.  

                  "  Proud is hollow base of life.

               Don't be proud but be proud off."

                                                          The End. 

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